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10 Rarest Horse Breeds in The World

By Andrew Alpin, 27 September


Horses have been around for a very long time, but some are very rare and on the list of endangered species fighting to stay alive in the 21st century. For example, did you know that the history of American Bashkir Curly is unknown? You also wouldn't want to miss seeing El Rey Magnum, an Arabian horse that looks very strange. Check out this list of the 10 most endangered and rare horse breeds that are still around today or for now.

1 Caspian Horse

The Caspian horse is an old breed of horse that has been found in art from around 3000 B.C. This makes it one of the oldest horse breeds still alive today. This horse is a national treasure in its home country of Iran, where it was first found. It was thought to be extinct for 1,300 years until 1965 when two researchers found some living in the wild in Iran. Most likely, this breed is the direct ancestor of all Oriental horse breeds and, by extension, all light horse breeds. The Caspian is a horse with a short head and big, beautiful eyes. It is known for being good at show jumping. Leading archaeozoologists are studying it now to find out if there is a connection between the modern Caspian and Persia's ancient little horse.

Caspian Horse

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2 Sorraia

There are less than 200 Sorraia horses in the world, making it one of the rarest horse breeds in the world. Before a zoologist found them in the early 1900s, no one knew that these horses were from Portugal. All Sorraias today come from just 11–12 animals that were saved in 1930, and they have been breeding a lot. Some experts think that the Sorraia is a direct descendant of the first horses that lived in Iberia. This idea is still debatable, but the breed has primitive traits, such as a dun colour with a dorsal linea, zebra-like leg markings, and a rounded profile.

In 2007, there were less than 200 of this great breed of horses left, and only 80 of them were bred mares. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FDA) calls the breed "critical," and many projects to save the Sorraia from going extinct have been started.


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3 Akhal Teke


People think the Akhal Teke horse breed is one of the most beautiful in the world because its fur has a metallic sheen that makes it look almost like a golden or bronze statue. This type of horse is Turkmenistan's national horse, and in some places, it is even called "the golden horse." This breed developed in the deserts of Central Asia, and nomadic tribes used it to travel long distances. Even though this breed of horse is already considered to be rare, things like inbreeding within the herd could cause the number of these horses to drop.

Akhal Teke

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